Owensboro is the city and administrative center of Davis County, Kentucky, USA. It is the fourth largest city in the state in terms of population. Owensboro is located on the 60 US highway, about 107 miles (172 km) southwest of Louisville, and is the main city of the capital region of Owensboro. The population of 2015 was 59,042. The population of the capital was estimated at 116,506.
|History and geography|
|Center Height||120 ± 1 m|
|Phone code||+1 270|
|Media files on Wikimedia Commons|
The evidence of the Amerindian settlement in the area dates back to 12,000 years. But after a series of failed British-backed uprisings, the last Shaunis were forced to flee the area until the end of the 18th century.
The first European descendant to settle in Owensboro was the border guard William Smithers or Smosers in 1797, after which the park on the seafront is named. The village was originally known as "Yellow Banks" because of the color of the land near the Ohio River. Lewis and Clarke's expedition wintered at the location of Owensboro today, before leaving for their famous travels. In 1817, Yellow Banks were officially created under the name of Owensboro, named after Colonel Abraham Owen. In 1893, the name was shortened to his current Owensboro.
In August 1864, Owensboro was raided by a Tennessee Confederate guerrillas group led by Captain Jack Bennett, officer of the Stovepaip Johnson Guerrilla Rangers. Bennett's men entered Owensboro, tried and failed to rob a local bank, took 13 Union soldiers from a prisoner of the 108th color infantry, executed them, burned the bodies on a supply boat and escaped back to Tennessee, covering a total of 300 miles (4 miles) 80 km) horseback riding in six days. Another major battle took place 8 miles (13 kilometers) south of Owensboro, and today it is marked by a monument commemorating the battle near the US 431 highway.
There were several distillators in and around the town of Owensboro, mostly whisky and bourbon. The main alcohol refinery that still operates is the Glenmore Distillery Company, currently owned by Sazerac.
On August 14, 1936, the city center of Owensboro became the site of the last public execution in the United States. The 26-year-old African-American Rainey Bethea was convicted and convicted of the rape and murder of 70-year-old Lisha Edwards in a very short time (only 37 days passed between the crime and the execution). There was a carnival atmosphere with hotdog vendors, accompanied by a large crowd, including children, and many reporters. The execution was directed by Sheriff Florence Schumaker Thompson, who drew the national media's attention to her role in the process, though she refused to pull the lever that drops the gallows' door-trap. Even before Bethea died, the crowd had already started to tear his clothes and even his body to souvenirs. Kentucky's General Assembly quickly canceled public executions after the embarrassment that caused it.
The end of World War II brought civil-engineering projects that, by the late 1960’s, had transformed Owensboro from a sleepy industrial city into a modern, expanding community. Many of the projects were launched by Johnson, Depp & Quisenberry, a company of consulting engineers, who were then engaged in the reconstruction of the runway at the county airport; The "Depp" in question was a member of the ancient and famous Kentucky family, which includes the city's most famous son, actor Johnny Depp.
In 1903, there were a few guns in Owensboro. Pinkerton Tabak produced Red Man chewing tobacco in Owensboro. The Swedish match continues to turn the Red Man into a factory outside the city.
Founded in 1884, Owensboro Wagon was one of the largest and most influential companies in the country. With eight styles or sizes of wagons, the company has set a quality standard at the turn of the 20th century.
Frederick A. Ames came to Owensboro from Washington, Pennsylvania, in 1887. He founded the Carriage Woodstock Company for the repair of mounted crews. In 1910 he started producing a line of cars under the brand Ames. In 1912, Ames hired Vincent Bendix, an industrialist, and the company became Ames' automobile company. Despite the fact that the Texas car dealer named his "best car for $1,500", the company stopped producing its own model in 1915. The company then started production of replacement bodies for the more widely sold Ford T model. In 1922 the company remade Sam and started producing furniture called Ames Corporation. In 1970 the company finally sold Whitehall Furniture.
Kentucky's electrical bulb company began in 1899. It was finally acquired by Kentucky Radio in 1918 and then purchased by General Electric in 1945 and 1987 acquired by MPD, Inc., by creating light bulbs that illuminate the first night game in the history of the High League baseball on May 24, 1935 between the red and the philis at the Crosley field in Cincinnati. The Owensboro plant was the main part of General Electric vacuum pipe production, producing both reception and military/industrial ceramic types. In 1961, engineers at General Electric's Owensboro plant introduced a family of vacuum tubes called Compactron.
In June 1932, John G. Barnard founded Modern Welding Company in a small building near the Ohio River on the streets of First and Frederick, where today is the office building of the Commonwealth of Kentucky. Today Modern Welding Company has nine subsidiary steel reservoir and vascular companies throughout the United States and five welding shops located in Kentucky and Indiana. The company is the largest supplier of underground and above-ground steel reservoirs for storage of flammable and flammable liquids. The company celebrated its 75th anniversary in 2007.
The Texas Gas Transportation Corporation was established in 1948 as a result of the merger of Memphis Gas Company and Kentucky Gas Corporation. Its headquarters are in Owensboro. Texas Gas has changed its owner four times since. The company was bought by CSX Corp. in 1983, Transco Energy Corp. in 1989, Williams in 1995 and Loews Corporation in 2003.
Owensboro is(37.757748, -87.118390), at the bend of the Ohio River. Owensboro is 37 miles (60 kilometers) southeast of Evansville, Indiana.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the total area of Owensboro is 52.9 square kilometers (20 square miles), of which 49.5 square kilometers (19 square miles) is land and 3.4 square kilometers (1.3 square meters) or 6.47%, is water.
Owensboro has a humid subtropical climate, characterized by hot, humid summers and moderately cold winters. Daily temperature changes can be high during winter. Summer, by comparison, is much more stable. Harsh weather, including the threat of a tornado, is not rare for most of the year, with several notable events taking place in the city's history. Template: Weather box
|1830—2017 U.S. Decennial Census|
Since the 2010 census there were 58,083 people and 23,380 households in the city. The population density was 2999.1 people per square mile (1198.4 per km2). There were 26,072 housing units at an average density of 1,394.7 per square mile (538.6 / km2). Race composition of the city: 87.5% white, 7.3% African-Americans, 0.9% Asian, 0.1% Native Americans, 0.01% Pacific Islanders, 0.55% other races, and 2.5% of two or more races. A Latin American or a Latin American in any race was 3.2% of the population.
There were 23,380 families, of which 23.7 per cent had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.7 per cent were married couples, 13.9 per cent were without husbands and 37.8 per cent were without families. 33.3% of all households were made up of people, and 14.0% had one-person, 65 years old or older. The average household size was 2.29 persons and the average family size was 2.91 persons.
In the city, the population was 23.7% under the age of 18, 9.8% between the ages of 18 and 24, 27.4% between the ages of 25 and 44, 22.4% between the ages of 45 and 64, and 16.3% between the ages of 6 and over. , The average age was 37. For every 100 women there were 87.6 men. For every 100 women aged 18 and over, there were 82.6 men.
The average household income in the city was $37,289, while the average household income was $41,333. The average income of men was $33,429, compared to $21,457 for women. The city's per capita income was $21,183. About 12.2% of households and 18.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.9% under 18 years of age and 12.4% over 65 years of age.
According to the 2007 census, the Owensboro metropolitan area includes the districts of Davis, Hancock and McLean.
According to the annual financial report of Owensboro for 2018, the main employers in the city were:
|#||Employer||Number of employees|
|3||Owensboro Hospital Health System||3.606|
|2||U.S. Bank Mortgage||1.950|
|3||Owensboro Public Schools||767|
|4||Toyoetsu of Central America||723|
|5||Walmart / Sam's Club||718|
|6||Glenmore Liquero-vodka plant||444|
|7||Audubon Area Community Services||441|
|9||Owensboro Community Technical College||391|
Art and culture
In 2013, Owensboro was named the All-American City. Owensboro was ranked fourth in the Top 20 South Cities rankings, ranking 9th in the "factors behind the collapse of the economic downturn" among the 25 largest cities.
In 1937, Pope Pius XI founded the Roman Catholic diocese of Owensboro, which covers roughly a western third of the state. It comprises 32 districts and covers approximately 12,500 square miles (32,000 km2). Although many believe that the area is predominantly Catholic, the number of evangelical denominations, such as the southern Baptists, has increased significantly over the past few decades. The Kentucky Baptist Convention has many churches in the area. Owensboro is also home to Adat Israel, one of the oldest synagogues in the United States.
- Owensboro is the "capital of the barbecue of peace"; it holds its International Festival Bar-B-Q and competition every second weekend in May.
- Every autumn, Reid’s Orchard holds an Apple festival. He became a competitor of the International Festival Bar-B-Q in terms of excitement and expectation.
- Owensboro also hosts ROMP, "River of Music Party," a mint festival. ROMP has grown to 20,000 visitors per year. Some artists include Sam Bush, Doc Watson, Ricky Scaggs, Earl Scraggs, Mall Haggard, Vince Gill, and the Old Crow Medicine Show. ROMP won the 2013 governor's award for public art.
- Lanham Brothers Jamboree is an event held every second Saturday from April to September at the Diamond Lake Resort in Owensboro. Jambori was founded by Randy Lanham and Barry Lanham. All shows are recorded on video and broadcast on KET KY, Kentucky Educational Television.
- In the summer, the city offers Friday after 5 free 16-week open-air concerts on the seafront in the city center. The festival includes live performances, family events and entertainment every Friday from 17:00 to 22:00. Approximately 55,000 people attend events.
- Owensboro PumpkinFest is held every September in the Sportscenter / Moreland Park complex. The festival includes food suppliers, artisans, carnival attractions, children's and adults' events and games, as well as pumpkin contests. Every year, the festival includes weekend concerts with some of the region's best groups, such as the Velvet Bombers, Sunset, Bud Kitty and Mr. Nice. The event was launched by the Sisters of Glenmari as a way to raise awareness and finance their missionary work in the southeast of the United States. The festival was handed over to the Crisis Center New Beginnings Rape Crisis in October 2009.
- Owensboro is home to a unique annual fundraising experience: Men Who Cook is the famous cook of Gala and the auction. The first "People Who cook" was held in 2007 thanks to the collaboration of Richard Remp-Morris, David Thompson's deputy chief, with the police department of Owensboro, and many dedicated volunteers. Men Men Cook employs amateur cooks who demonstrate their culinary talents in a friendly competition for the desired Silver spoon awards. All the proceeds of the event support the missionary work of the Glenmari sisters, who since 1941 have supported the poorest Americans living in the south and in Appalachia.
- In summer, Owensboro is home to Owensboro Oilers, a baseball team from the Ohio Valley League. The oil workers were KIT 2008 play-off champions and KIT 2006 season champions. The team is named after the small league's baseball team, Owensboro Oilers, which existed in the 1940s.
- In February 2013, Owensboro Raige held closed-circuit football matches. The fury that moved from Evansville, Indiana, played in the Continental Football League indoors.
- Golf Course and Ben Hoss Park
- Owensboro Bridge
- International Museum of Blugrass Music
- The largest tree of sassafras (located on Fredericki Street next to the Davis County Public Library)
- Owensboro Museum of Science and History
- Riverpark Center
- Smothers Park
- The temple of Adat Israel, one of the oldest synagogues preserved to this day in the United States.
- The Botanical Garden of Western Kentucky
- William H. Natcher Bridge
Owensboro has been operating since 1954 in the form of city administration. Citizens elect a mayor and four city commissioners who make up the Board of Commissioners. The Board of Commissioners is the legislative body of the city administration and represents the interests of citizens. The Board of Commissioners employs a city manager who manages the city's day-to-day activities.
The mayor is elected for a term of four years. Each city commissioner is elected for a term of two years. The term of office of the city manager is uncertain and based on performance.
Owensboro Public Schools, Davis State Schools and the Catholic School System of the Howensboro Diocese monitor K-12 education in and around Owensboro.
Owensboro has two private four-year colleges: Brescia University (Catholic) and Kentucky Wesley College, as well as one public college, the Owensboro Public and Technical College. Daymar College is also located in Owensboro, and the University of West Kentucky has a regional campus.
In 2006, plans were announced to establish a research center at the University of Louisville, located at the Mitchell Memorial Cancer Center, part of the Owensboro Medical System, to study how to create the world's first vaccine against the human papilloma virus, called Garilloma dasil. from tobacco plants. Dr. Albert Bennet Jenson and Dr. Shinji Ghim found the vaccine in 2006. If successful, the vaccine will be produced in Owensboro.
Owensboro has a credit library, the Public Library of Davis County.
The daily newspaper is called the "Investigative Messenger", owned by the Paxton Media Group from Padyuka, Kentucky.
Radio stations include WBIO, WXCM, WLME, WOMI, WVJS and WBKR from Owensboro. One, WSTO-FM, is actually licensed for Owensboro, although his studios are now located in Evansville.
Although there are no TV stations in the city, according to Nielsen Media Research, it is part of Evansville's television market, which is the 100th largest in the United States. However, in early 2007, WFIE-TV opened a bureau in Owensboro that covers news on the Kentucky market. Many of the local television stations often advertise themselves as serving Evansville, Indiana, Owensboro, Kentucky and Henderson, Kentucky.
The I-165, US 60, and US 431 serve Owensboro, with US 431 ending in a former US 60 round trip (now US 60 signed). The US of 231 and the US of 60 form a partial ring road around Owensboro. KY 81, KY 56, KY 331, KY 298, KY 54 and KY 144 also serve the city.
Owensboro Davis Regional Airport, along with Evansville Regional Airport, is one of the region's main commercial airports.
The Owensboro Transit System (OTS) offers bus transit for residents, and the Green River Domestic Transit System (GRITS) offers specialized bus services for disabled residents who cannot use fixed-route public buses.
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File:Owensboro Morton Memorial. JPG
Owensboro has two related cities, marked Sister Cities International:
- Moravia, Czech Republic
- Aichi, Japan
- International festival Bar-B-Q
- List of cities and towns along the Ohio River
- Owensboro metropolitan area
- Union Station (Owensboro, Kentucky)
- 2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files
- Population and Housing Unit Estimates. Case date: June 12, 2018.
- Census of Population and Housing (not available). Census.gov. Case date: June 4, 2015. Archived May 12, 2015.
- City of Owensboro official website
- Owensboro-Daviess County Convention and Visitor Bureau
- Entry about Owensboro from the Kentucky Atlas and Gazetteer, a University of Kentucky website
- Greater Owensboro Chamber of Commerce
- 1821 Advertisement for an auction for land around Owensboro, Kentucky, from the Library of Congress
- A Kentucky City Reinvents a Faded Downtown, Owensboro, Ky.—NY Times November 15, 2011
- Daviess County PVA